(1) BRAIN INJURY
(3) DEVLOPMENTAL DELAY
(4) FACIAL PARALYSIS
(5) MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
(7) MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
(8) MOTOR NEURON DISEASE
(1) BRAIN INJURY :-
Brain injury occurs when an external force injures the Brain . Traumatic brain injury (TBI) happens when a bump, blow, jolt, or other head injury causes damage to the brain. Half of all TBIs are from motor vehicle accident.
Falls :- Falling out of bed, slipping in the bath, falling down steps, falling from ladders and related falls are the most common cause of traumatic brain injury overall, particularly in older adult and young children.
Vehicle-related collisions. Collision involving cars, motorcycles or bicycles and pedestrians involved in such accidents are a common cause of traumatic brain injury.
Violence :- About 20 percent of traumatic brain injuries are caused by violence, such as gunshot wounds, domestic violence or child abuse.
Sports injuries :- Traumatic brain injuries may be caused by injuries from a number of sports, including soccer, boxing, football, baseball, skateboarding, hockey, and other high-impact or extreme sports, particularly in youth
Explosive blasts and other combat injuries :- Explosive blasts are a common cause of traumatic brain injury in active-duty military personnel. Although the mechanism of damage isn’t yet well-understood, many researchers believe that the pressure wave passing through the brain significantly disrupts brain function.Traumatic brain injury also results from penetrating wounds, severe to the head with shrapnel or debris, and falls or bodily collisions with following a blast.
1) Paralysis or weakness of one side of body
2) Respiratory complication
3) Abnormal posture
4) Loss of coordination
5) Disordered speech
PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT :–We will carefully assess the impact of a brain injury on movement and create an individualized therapeutic program. CIMT Strengthening exercise to weak muscles exercise to improve balance exercise to improve coordination exercise to improve gait pattern exercise to decrease respiratory complication and improve respiration
(2) STROKE Stroke occurs when the flow of blood to the portion of brain is blocked . Sudden bleeding in the brain can cause a Stroke if it damage brain cell .
(3) HEMIPLEGIA ( one side paralysis or one side weakness of the body ) Altered speech , Altered walking gait pattern ( difficulty in walking ) , Altered movement coordination , Altered voluntary movement , Balance problem .
PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT :- Physiotherapy should be started as quickly as possible and can last anywhere from few weeks to 4 to 5 months. Daily exercise should continue till full recovery of the patient . complete recovery is possible with expert physiotherapy management.
EXERCISE PROGRAM INCLUDE :– reduce spasticity , improve joint range of motion , Improve balance , Improve coordination , Improve gait pattern , Balance training .
Our centre is recognise as a best physiotherapy treatment
(4)DEVLOPMENTAL DELAY :- for Stroke . When the child does not reach their developmental milestones such as sitting , standing, walking, laughing , speech , etc . It is an outgoing major or minor delay in the process of development . Delay can occur in one or many areas for ex. –patient cannot stand from ground unable to pick-up objects , unable to walk , unable to do the activities of daily living.
PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT – Physiotherapy treatment should started as early as possible , when the parents noticed about the delayed movement of the child . We will carefully assess the delayed movement and create an individualized therapeutic program.
(5) FACIAL PARALYSIS
Facial paralysis is a loss of facial movement due to nerve damage. Facial muscles may appear to droop or become weak. It can happen on one or both sides of the face . Unable to eating or drinking . Loss of blinking control on the affected side due to weak muscle Decreased tearing on the affected side Drooping of the mouth to the affected side . Altered taste , Slurred speech , Pain in or behind the ear Facial paralysis on one side .
CAUSE OF FACIAL PARALYSIS :- Infection of facial nerve Inflammation of facial nerve trauma of head Stroke .
PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT :- Strengthening exercise to all facial muscles , Biofeedback , Electrical Stimulation to facial muscles , Electrical stimulation to facial nerve .
(6) MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS :-
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord . It damages the myelin sheath , ( the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cells ) . This damage slows down or blocks messages between your brain and your body .
CAUSE :- Unknown Failure of the myelin producing cell , Heredity is the prime cause of vulnerability to this chronic disease .
Multiple sclerosis affects women more than men . It often begins between the ages of 20 and 40 .
SYMPTOM :Muscles weakness , Diminished sensation , Loss of coordination , Fatigue , Pain , Muscles spasm , Altered balance .
PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT :-
Exercise to improve muscles power ,
coordination exercise ,
Balance exercise ,
Gait training ,
Exercise to improve joint range of motion .
(7) VERTIGO :-
Vertigo is the disorder of altered balance , feels as the object around you are moving when the patient are in rest position .
CAUSE :- Sudden head movement , Bacterial infection , Head injury , Stroke .
SYMPTOM :- Unbalanced spinning , Swaying , Weakness of lower limb , postural instability , difficulty in walking .
PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT :-
Strengthening exercise .
Exercise to improve balance ,
Gait training ,
Posture correction ,
Exercise to correct spinning
(8) MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY :-
Muscular Dystrophy is a group of disorders characterised by a progressive loss of muscles mass and consequent loss of strength of body .
There are 9 main types of muscular dystrophy .
The most common type is Duchenne muscular dystrophy which typically affect male beginning around the age of 4 .
CAUSE :- Muscular Dystrophy is caused by mutation on X chromosome . All types of muscular dystrophy is due to different set of mutation , but all prevent the body from producing dystrophin . Dystrophin is a protein essential for building and repairing muscles .
SYMPTOM : Weakness of muscles , pain , Inability to walk , difficulty in sitting up and standing , tendency to fall , Shortening of muscles , limiting movement , Difficulty in breathing due to weak respiratory muscle .
PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT :-
Strengthening exercise help to maintain and improve muscles tone . Breathing exercise help to improve respiration . Exercise to improve balance . Gait training If needed . Apply assistive device to improve locomotion .
Our centre provide best neuro physiotherapy treatment for all acute and chronic neurological conditions .
Physiotherapist for Brain Injury in Kankarbagh physiotherapy center